Mercury concentrations in Hawaiian yellowfin tuna are increasing at a rate of 3.8 percent or more per year, according to a new University of Michigan-led study that suggests rising atmospheric levels of the toxin are to blame.
Mercury is a potent toxin that can accumulate to high concentrations in fish, posing a health risk to people who eat large, predatory marine fish such as swordfish and tuna. In the open ocean, the principal source of mercury is atmospheric deposition from human activities, especially emissions from coal-fired power plants and artisanal gold mining.
For decades, scientists have expected to see mercury levels in open-ocean fish increase in response to rising atmospheric concentrations, but evidence for that hypothesis has been hard to find. In fact, some studies have suggested that there has been no change in mercury concentration in ocean fish.
By compiling and re-analyzing three previously published reports on yellowfin tuna caught near Hawaii, U-M’s Paul Drevnick and two colleagues found that the concentration of mercury in that species increased at least 3.8 percent per year from 1998 to 2008.
A paper about the study is scheduled for online publication in the journal Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry on Feb. 2. The other authors are Carl Lamborg of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, now at the University of California at Santa Cruz, and Martin Horgan.
“The take-home message is that mercury in tuna appears to be increasing in lockstep with data and model predictions for mercury concentrations in water in the North Pacific,” said Drevnick, an assistant research scientist at the U-M School of Natural Resources and Environment and at the U-M Biological Station. “This study confirms that mercury levels in open ocean fish are responsive to mercury emissions.”
Drevnick and his colleagues reanalyzed data from three studies that sampled the same yellowfin tuna population near Hawaii in 1971, 1998 and 2008. In each of the three studies, muscle tissues were tested for total mercury, nearly all of which was the toxic organic form, methylmercury.
In their re-analysis, Drevnick and his colleagues included yellowfins between 48 and 167 pounds and used a computer model that controls for the effect of fish body size. Data from 229 fish were analyzed: 111 from 1971, 104 from 1998 and 14 from 2008.
The researchers found that mercury concentrations in the yellowfins did not change between the 1971 and 1998 datasets. However, concentrations were higher in 2008 than in either 1971 or 1998. Between 1998 and 2008, the mercury concentration in yellowfins increased at a rate greater than or equal to 3.8 percent a year, according to the new study.
“Mercury levels are increasing globally in ocean water, and our study is the first to show a consequent increase in mercury in an open-water fish,” Drevick said. “More stringent policies are needed to reduce releases of mercury into the atmosphere. If current deposition rates are maintained, North Pacific waters will double in mercury by 2050.”
Yellowfin tuna, often marketed as ahi, is widely used in raw fish dishes—especially sashimi—or for grilling. The Natural Resources Defense Council’s guide to mercury in sushi lists yellowfin tuna as a “high mercury” species.
End of Article
Start of my commentary…
My Opinion is very skeptical about his study. Some important points to consider;
1.) This is a study of old data that reaches different conclusions than the original studies, I am guessing this. We don’t know because it doesn’t say what the original study says.
2.) During the re-analysis, they picked a certain size and had a computer model “that controls for the effect of the fish body size” Size relative to what? The results that they want maybe? ( Yes, I think so)
3.) Why does the amount of fish change to a much smaller amount? It drops from 111 to 104 to just 14. Wow, if that isn’t “cherry picking” I don’t know what is. I am sure each of the 14 fish from 2008 had high levels of mercury and the rest were “computer modeled out” so the results would fit the desired outcome.
4.) Lastly they have to throw in the future date of 2050 to demand action now… sounds like another “Hockey Stick” graph is on the way. We all remember how reliable the last one was.
What is the motive of these publicly controlled scientists (part of a larger group of like-minded Progressive people worldwide) thinking they can engineer the world they want by controlling the Data, the Media that presents it and the Government that is moving to take control of everything. Oh yeah, that’s what they want… Control of Everything. Looks like we are in for a heck of a ride; Hang on and kiss your butt goodbye or Speak Up and Kick theirs.
Thanks for reading – Bro Bo in Hawaii